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How to choose the best crops for your farm

crops for farmcrops for farm
crops for farmcrops for farm

How to choose the best crops for your farm

Climate changes can make a big impact on which types of crops to plant each year. If you’re ready to get started on the upcoming season’s crops, make sure you carefully review last season’s results. For example, did you have weed problems with a particular crop or did a specific crop suffer through the drought conditions? These are the questions you need to be asking yourself before the new season.

Depending on what you are producing and who you’re selling it to, here are a few of the basic factors to take into account before going straight into a new season of crop planting:

 

Go back basics before you choose your crops

While it may not feel like it, there are various things that could influence your soil condition. For example, wind and sun. You’ll need to re-analyse your soil and identify which would be the more practical crop option. The reason for this is that each crop requires a specific fertility in order to grow, and depending on the different weather conditions, it could really influence the type of crops you’ll be able to plant.

 

Local adaptability

Alongside your soil’s fertility levels, certain crops require different levels of nutritional input. In order to grow successful crops that are healthy, they need to be free from diseases and weeds that could stunt their growth. And, regardless of these factors, they need to be economically profitable. Another tip is to try and move away from common cultivators. While they might be the best choice for the soil and weather conditions around you, in terms of financial reward, it may be an extremely competitive space.

 

Plant disease resistant crops

If you have had a problem with diseases in the past, try and come up with a control plan before having to risk the new crop season with the same problems. Depending on the results of your previous harvest, try and choose crops with disease resistance. For example, some species of plants are more tolerant of certain insert activity than others. The more you have to make use of chemicals to get rid of pests and insects, the more damage you’re doing to your plants and the harder to will be for them to grow.

 

Be wary of the environmental factors that could influence your crops

As mentioned, environmental and weather factors play a massive role in the growth process of crop plantations. A great example of this is how certain crops react to daylight. Some grow faster in warmer sun whereas others struggle. Make sure that you have a strategic plan for when you’ll be planting your new seeds, according to the weather, so that bulbs have the opportunity to develop properly.

Another thing to consider is how much attention needs to be given to your crops. Some require constant attention whereas others do best when you just leave them to grow by themselves. As much as it may seem like a complex process, making sure you’re selecting the right crops for your farm’s characteristics can truly benefit your bottom line and allow you to focus on other areas of the business.

 

Try companion planting

Many crop species help each to other grow, especially when planted together. When you’re planning your new season’s plantation, do your research on the right type of crops to plant together. When you choose mutually beneficial species, it allows you to increase quality and yield while decreasing the negative benefits of insects and diseases. For example, some plants can serve as a trap for pests, which in turn help to steer pests away from your cash crop. By doing this, it will give those crops more time to grow without interruption. Companion planting should not include crops that require constant attention as this could quickly become a time-consuming activity. Also, make sure that the companion crops you plant require the same amount soil fertility as each other. This will make maintenance with a fertiliser spreader so much easier because you’ll be able to kill two birds with one stone.

 

Make sure your crops meet market requirements

Any successful farming business knows just which markets to target and when. The types of crops you plant also need to be directly aligned with the market’s demand. For example, if you’re solely selling your items to local restaurants, you need to be growing products that they need and use. It does not make practical sense to farm exactly what every other farmer is farming simply because it’s an easy harvest. Your planting and harvesting procedures also need to support restaurant standards, so make sure that you meet their demands before having to compete against other farms in the area.

 

Final words

There are many things that influence crop selection. In order to make a profit and to become a successful farming business, try and choose the best crops for your farming operations and cultivation techniques. Just by paying attention to the smaller detail, you’ll get your farm off to a good start.

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